Both were located at Long Branch, Ontario. Most of the Canadian made No. The British military switched over to the 7. Numbers of Lee—Enfield rifles were converted to. These were known as. IV  from onwards.
The Lee-Enfield No.4, the “utilitarian” rifle
Some were later modified with special adaptors to enable magazine loading. In , Enfield produced complete. A five-round. IV rifles are externally identical to a. In Britain, a. The C No. I rifle is a. Conversion of rifles to smoothbored guns was carried out in several locations, at various times, for varying reasons.
These conversions were prompted by firearms legislation that made possession of a rifle chambered in a military cartridge both difficult and expensive. Smoothbored shotguns could be legally held with far less trouble. These conversions were for issue to police and prison guards, to provide a firearm with a much-reduced power and range in comparison to the.
A further likely consideration was the difficulty of obtaining replacement ammunition in the event of the rifle's theft or the carrier's desertion. While British and Australian conversions were to the standard commercially available. The Indian conversions were originally chambered for the.
Many of these muskets were rechambered, after being sold as surplus, and can now be used with commercially available ammunition. Unmodified muskets require handloading of ammunition, as the. Numerous attempts have been made to convert the various single-shot. None of these is known to have been successful,  though some owners have adapted 3-round magazines for Savage and Stevens shotguns to function in a converted SMLE shotgun, or even placing such a magazine inside a gutted SMLE magazine. From the late s, legislation in New South Wales, Australia, heavily restricted.
Lee–Enfield - Wikipedia
In the early s Essential Agencies Ltd. Serial numbers below were for civilian sale, serial numbers and higher were built under contract to the Canadian government. It was introduced in service in the s. A conversion specification of No. Previous conversions to Drill Purpose DP of otherwise serviceable rifles were not considered to be sufficiently incapable of restoration to fireable state and were a potential source of reconversion spares.
L59A1 Drill Rifles were rendered incapable of being fired, and of being restored to a fireable form, by extensive modifications that included the welding of the barrel to the receiver, modifications to the receiver that removed the supporting structures for the bolt's locking lugs and blocking the installation of an unaltered bolt, the removal of the striker's tip, the blocking of the striker's hole in the bolt head and the removal of most of the bolt body's locking lugs.
Most bolts were copper plated for identification. A plug was welded in place forward of the chamber, and a window was cut in the side of the barrel. The stock and fore end was marked with broad white painted bands and the letters "DP" for easy identification.
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Small numbers of Lee—Enfield rifles were built as, or converted to, experimental automatic loading systems, such as the British Howell and South African Rieder and the best-known of which was the Charlton Automatic Rifle , designed by a New Zealander, Philip Charlton in to act as a substitute for the Bren and Lewis gun light machine guns which were in chronically short supply at the time.
When Japan entered the war in , New Zealand found itself lacking the light machine guns that would be required for local defence should Japan choose to invade, and so the New Zealand Government funded the development of self-loading conversions for the Lee—Enfield rifle. The two Charlton designs differed markedly in external appearance amongst other things, the New Zealand Charlton had a forward pistol grip and bipod, whilst the Australian one did not , but shared the same operating mechanism. The Commando units of the British military requested a suppressed rifle for killing sentries, guard dogs and other clandestine operational uses during the Second World War.
The resulting weapon, designed by W. The weapon was reliable but unergonomic for the user as the force of the recoiling bolt interfered with handling.
The Rieder device could be installed straight away without the use of tools. Sterling Armaments of Dagenham, Essex produced a conversion kit comprising a new 7. The main difference between the two conversions was in the cartridge ejection arrangement; the Enfield magazine carried a hardened steel projection that struck the rim of the extracted case to eject it, the Sterling system employed a spring-loaded plunger inserted into the receiver wall. The results of the trials that were conducted on the L8 series rifles were mixed and the British Government and the Ministry of Defence decided not to convert their existing stocks of Lee—Enfield No.
Despite this, the British learned from the results of the L8 test program and used them in successfully converting their stocks of No. The products were marketed under alliterative names e.
Enfield Envoy, a rifle intended for civilian competition target shooting and Enfield Enforcer, a rifle fitted with a Pecar telescopic sight to suit the requirements of police firearms teams. Ishapore 2A and Ishapore 2A1 receivers are made with improved EN steel to handle the increased pressures of the 7. From to when production is believed to have been discontinued , the sight ranging graduations were changed from to , and the rifle re-designated Rifle 7. The Ishapore 2A and 2A1 rifles are often incorrectly described as ".
Rather, they are newly manufactured firearms and are not technically chambered for commercial. In total, over 16 million Lee—Enfields had been produced in several factories on different continents when production in Britain shut down in , at the Royal Ordnance Factory ROF Fazakerley in Liverpool after that factory had been plagued with industrial unrest. During the First World War alone, 3. Rifles so marked were assembled using parts from various other manufacturers, as part of a scheme during the First World War to boost rifle production in the UK.
Note 2: Savage-made Lee—Enfield No. No Savage Lee—Enfields were ever issued to the US military; the markings existed solely to maintain the pretence that American equipment was being lent to the UK rather than permanently sold to them. The rifles were manufactured by parts outsourcing and were assembled and finished in Australia, chambered in 7. It is possible to obtain a round the maximum allowed by law M14 magazines for the MB2 match rifles in particular, provided an import permit from the appropriate Licensing Services Division can be obtained in some States, yet Australian Federal Customs may still refuse importation on no valid grounds.
The quality on such rifles varies from "as good as a factory-produced example" to "dangerously unsafe", tending towards the latter end of the scale. Khyber Pass Copy rifles cannot generally stand up to the pressures generated by modern commercial ammunition,  and are generally considered unsafe to fire under any circumstances. The Lee—Enfield family of rifles is the second oldest bolt-action rifle design still in official service, after the Mosin—Nagant. In Canada the.
They are also still seen in the hands of Pakistani and Bangladeshi second-line and police units.
The Bolt-Action "Long Lees"
However, the Lee—Enfield was mainly replaced in main-line service in the Pakistani Police in the mids by the AK 47 , in response to increasing proliferation of the Kalashnikov in the black market and civilian use. In Iraq and Egypt, the Lee—Enfield was replaced by the Kalashnikov as the standard issue rifle in the Armed Forces by the late s, and in Police Forces by the late s.
In the UK, the single-shot. Later on when Avrakotos asked Michael Vickers to revamp their strategy, he stopped the Enfield system and, with the large amounts of money available thanks to Charlie Wilson , replaced them with a mix of modern weapons like AKs and mortars. Khyber Pass Copies patterned after the Lee—Enfield are still manufactured in the Khyber Pass region, as bolt-action rifles remain effective weapons in desert and mountain environments where long-range accuracy is more important than rate of fire.
During the recent civil war in Nepal , the government troops were issued Lee—Enfield rifles to fight the Maoist rebels, and the Maoists were also armed with SMLE rifles, amongst other weapons. Police forces in both the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu continue to operate and maintain stocks of No.
Lee Enfield rifles are used by the Jamaica Constabulary force for training recruits during field-craft exercises and drills. Lee—Enfields are very popular as hunting rifles and target shooting rifles. Many surplus Lee—Enfield rifles were sold in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States after the Second World War, and a fair number have been ' sporterised ', having had the front furniture reduced or removed and a scope fitted so that they resemble a bolt-action sporting rifle.
They did, however, continue to be used at Bisley up into the s with some success, and continue to perform extremely well at Military Service Rifle Competitions throughout the world. Many people still hunt with as-issued Lee—Enfield rifles, with commercial. The Lee—Enfield rifle is a popular gun for historic rifle enthusiasts and those who find the round magazine, loading by charger clips, and the rapid bolt-action useful for Practical Rifle events. Since formation in , organisations such as the Lee Enfield Rifle Association have assisted in not just preserving rifles in shooting condition many Lee—Enfields are being deactivated and sold as "wall-hangers" to collectors who do not hold a Firearms Licence in countries where they are required , but holding events and competitions.
Lee—Enfields are also popular with competitors in service rifle competitions in many Commonwealth countries.